The equipment manufacturing revitalization plan will enhance the core competitiveness of "made in China"
editor's note: "the equipment manufacturing revitalization plan will effectively promote the autonomy of China's equipment and enhance the core competitiveness of" made in China "—— Zhengjianhua, vice president of Shanghai Electric (Group) Corporation and President of Shanghai electric power station group, said
the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry reviewed and approved in principle at the executive meeting of the State Council on the 4th is regarded as a major positive by the industry. It will stimulate the equipment manufacturing industry known as the "machine tool" to accelerate independent innovation, get rid of import dependence and promote the upgrading of industrial structure
"three highlights" boost industry confidence
the revitalization plan emphasizes the strategic position of the equipment manufacturing industry and requires targeted domestic manufacturing of key products by relying on key projects in the fields of efficient and clean power generation, ultra-high voltage power transmission and transformation, mining of coal and metal mines, natural gas pipeline transmission and liquefied storage and transportation, high-speed railway, urban rail transit and so on; In combination with key projects in major industries such as steel, automobile and textile, we will promote the autonomy of equipment
yuaibin, senior analyst of Guosen Securities machinery industry, said that the state has attached great importance to the equipment manufacturing industry for a long time. This plan is an emphasis and supplement to the "several opinions on accelerating the revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry" issued by the State Council in june2006, and presents three highlights on this basis:
first, it emphasizes the promotion of equipment localization by relying on key projects. Domestic equipment manufacturing enterprises have been looking forward to this for a long time. At present, with the promotion of the national 4trillion yuan investment plan, a large number of infrastructure construction projects have been started one after another, bringing a large increase to the demand for major technical equipment
secondly, the emphasis on basic parts has been significantly increased. Dongyaguang, chief analyst of the machinery industry of Guojin securities, pointed out that China's equipment manufacturing industry has been in a pattern of "strong complete machine and weak parts" for a long time. For example, domestic enterprises of construction machinery have achieved the world's leading position in terms of complete machine, but they still need to import a large number of key parts such as engine and hydraulic parts from abroad. "If the state can support the independent research and development of some key parts and components, I believe the promotion effect will be obvious."
the third is to support the joint reorganization of backbone enterprises. Yuaibin said that at present, foreign equipment giants such as GE and Siemens have comprehensive service capabilities such as general contracting, integration, R & D and manufacturing, but most domestic equipment enterprises still focus on manufacturing, processing and even simple assembly, so their overall competitiveness is not strong. If the government promotes the industry joint reorganization through administrative coordination, it is very useful to produce highly compact high barrier films for leading enterprises to become bigger and stronger through extensive acquisition
the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry is not only based on solving difficulties before transformation, change and innovation, but also focuses on the long-term development of the industry, which has boosted the confidence of the industry and received positive response from the capital market. On February 5, the machinery sector in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges rose significantly. Although the market fell in the afternoon, Huitong energy and beiren shares still rose strongly, and northwest bearing rose by more than 5%
promote equipment autonomy to get rid of import dependence
experts point out that equipment autonomy is the biggest highlight of this plan. Mechanical equipment manufacturing industry is a strategic industry that provides technical equipment for various industries of the national economy. It can be called a "machine tool" to maintain the national economy and the people's livelihood. It not only represents a country's technological innovation ability and manufacturing development, but also relates to the national economic security
Shanghai tunnelling Engineering Co., Ltd. is the only compound enterprise in the world that integrates the research, development, design, manufacturing and construction of shield machines. Its various technical indicators of metro shield machines, such as the pressure light of valve core, can be milled to smooth with sprout paste to reach the international advanced level, and the price is about 2/3 of that of imported shield machines. Chen Bin, chairman of the company, said that so far, in addition to Shanghai Tunnel Co., Ltd. being able to build its own brand of Chinese people, the shield machines produced in China are all supported or jointly manufactured by foreign businessmen such as robins of the United States, Herrick of Germany and Mitsubishi of Japan. The key parts and components of the shield machine produced by the joint venture are imported, which not only has little pulling force on the domestic upstream and downstream industries, but also these engineering projects are often controlled by others due to the delayed foreign supply and the "neck" of technology and services, and even have to allow the foreign party to ask for prices
statistical data show that in recent years, more than half of the equipment investment in China's social fixed assets investment relies on imports. The developers of biological printing systems such as optical fiber manufacturing equipment, integrated circuit chip manufacturing equipment, petrochemical equipment, car industrial equipment, CNC machine tools, textile machinery and offset printing equipment include Korea University of technology Most markets such as POSCO University of science and technology and Seoul St Mary's hospital are occupied by imported products. The annual foreign trade deficit of China's equipment manufacturing products is as high as tens of billions of dollars
Chen Bin believes that the introduction of the revitalization plan for the equipment manufacturing industry is a great benefit to Chinese enterprises with independent innovation ability and independent intellectual property rights. China's major equipment manufacturing industry is expected to build several large groups in the next few years, realize localization in key areas and revitalize the national equipment manufacturing industry
"the revitalization plan is of great benefit to us. It is expected that the company's self-propelled full rotating crane ship, energy-saving and environment-friendly field bridge and other products will benefit significantly." Said guantongxian, President of Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery (Group) Co., LtdZhengjianhua, vice president of Shanghai Electric (Group) Corporation, said: "at present, the most important problem of localization in the equipment manufacturing industry is not scientific and technological research, but market cultivation. One of the most encouraging aspects of the plan is to propose the establishment of a risk compensation mechanism for the use of the first domestic equipment."
in recent years, Shanghai Electric Power Station Group has overcome difficulties in the field of independent innovation of power station equipment, made a number of technological breakthroughs in the field of power generation equipment such as nuclear power conventional island, and initially has the application foundation, and the price is much lower than that of foreign counterparts. However, domestic users are still inclined to choose the products of multinational companies such as Siemens, and are unwilling to "eat crabs". In addition to the prejudice, disapproval and unwillingness to take risks for domestic equipment, the lack of tax incentives, accelerated depreciation and other policy support from the state are also important reasons
experts said that the importance of encouraging key projects to use independent products in the plan lies in that some domestic enterprises have the ability to produce and manufacture large-scale equipment, but have not had the opportunity to participate, and many project managers tend to choose international products because they value the strength of international giants
"from this point of view, it is very necessary to establish a risk compensation mechanism for the use of the first domestic equipment (set) proposed in the plan." Dongyaguang, chief analyst of Guojin securities machinery industry, said, "although there is still a gap between domestic major technical equipment and foreign counterparts in some fields, this gap is not fatal. The implementation of the first equipment risk compensation mechanism at least provides opportunities for domestic equipment to enter major projects, so that they can make continuous progress in the actual use process and enter a virtuous circle."
yuanjianhua, chief engineer of Shanghai electric power station group, said that in recent years, Shanghai Electric has invested a huge amount of money in the development of 600000 pairs of water-cooled turbine generators, low-pressure welded rotors of nuclear power turbines and other projects, and has also made major breakthroughs. "What we are most worried about is that there is technology and no market. The plan proposes to provide risk compensation to enterprises using the first domestically made equipment, which solves our worries at home. We look forward to the introduction of relevant rules."
economic focus: the equipment industry ushered in three benefits
the executive meeting of the State Council approved the revitalization plan for the textile industry and equipment manufacturing industry in principle
on February 4, the executive meeting of the State Council deliberated and approved the adjustment and revitalization plan for the equipment manufacturing industry in principle. The detailed planning rules are being worked out intensively. Caiweici, executive vice president of China Machinery Industry Federation, was interviewed on relevant issues
"if we say some opinions of the State Council on accelerating the revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry (No. 8 document, 2006) It has sounded the clarion call for the comprehensive revitalization of China's equipment manufacturing industry. Then, the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry issued this time can be said to be another booster for the development of China's equipment industry. It is not only based on the current difficulties, but also focuses on the long-term healthy development of the industry. The plan has made clear the directional and policy oriented adjustment plan, among which the 'three highlights' bring warm air to the equipment industry in the cold wind. " Caiweici said
relying on key projects
promoting the localization of major equipment
the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry clearly points out that to accelerate the revitalization of the equipment manufacturing industry, we must rely on national key construction projects to carry out the localization of major technical equipment on a large scale. "This is the biggest highlight of the plan. The equipment manufacturing industry is a strategic industry that provides technical equipment for all sectors of the national economy. It is an important guarantee for industrial upgrading and technological progress and a concentrated embodiment of the country's comprehensive strength. Equipment autonomy is not only related to the development of the equipment manufacturing industry itself, but also related to the country's economic security. China has approached the international advanced level in the fields of power generation equipment and heavy equipment. Medium and low-grade CNC machine tools and The low-grade large-scale construction machinery has also approached the international level, but there is still a certain gap between the large-scale petrochemical general equipment, high-grade CNC machine tools, high-grade large-scale construction machinery and the international advanced level. " Caiweici said